BIS Standard For Milk and Milk Products | BIS Standard For Food Products Food Products
Want to know about the BIS standard for milk and milk products?
However, if you want to know about BIS standards for food products, then before moving forward with anything, we would like to clarify that, milk and milk products fall under the BIS standards for food products.
Worldwide, India is the highest producer and consumer of milk.
In the year 2020, dairy production has made contributed 4.2% to Gross Domestic Production (GDP). Moreover, India contributes a total of 22 percent to global milk production, making India the #1 milk producer worldwide.
Considering the introduction of milk substitutes due to seasonal variations in milk production and milk drying. That results in constantly increasing the utilization of dry milk products, therefore creating a passageway between the consumer and supplier chain.
That has encouraged concerned ministries to create a BIS standard for milk and milk products, which has been finalized by the Dairy Products and Equipment Committee and is approved by the Food and Agriculture Division Council. The adopted standard’s scope includes the testing procedure and sampling methods, and standard requirements.
This gives rise, does the same BIS standards for food products is applicable to milk and milk products.
No, different standards have been formed for different milk products. Here, we would be discussing the BIS standard for milk and milk products.
However, it is to be noted that, recently, the government has emphasized the certification of milk and milk products, including requirements of the certification process and Food Safety Management System with the sole motive to improve its quality. For this, BIS has created a complete novel and first-of-its-kind certification scheme for milk and milk products which you access right here.
So, let’s start with the BIS standard for milk powder -
BIS Standard For Milk Powder (General Requirements)
1. Milk description
- The material of the milk powder must be white or white with a hinge of a greenish tinge or a light cream color.
- Must be lump-free, excluding those which break seamlessly under little pressure.
- Must be free from extraneous and scorched particles.
2. Flour and taste of milk powder
- Must have a pleasant and clean flavor of the product or reconstituted milk.
- Must be free from the off-flavor, though, could have a slightly cooked flavor, not burnt).
- As per recommendation, the flavor must depend on sensory characteristics.
3. Hygienic conditions
A milk powder must be manufactured and packed as prescribed by the IS 2491.
4. Milk powder
- Milk powder must be produced by spraying the dried standardized milk which must be either cow or buffalo milk or could be a mixture.
- Standardized milk does not contain additives.
- The processing and drying of milk must be done to reduce the loss of nutritive value, especially protein quality.
- To improve the product’s dispersibility, maximum lecithin could increase up to 0.5 percent by might be added, including mentioning its quantity on the label as mentioned in the PFA rules.
- The mass of the finished product might include added calcium chloride, citric acid, sodium citrate, sodium salts of orthophosphoric acid, and polyphosphoric acid (as linear phosphate), not increased by 0.3 percent by mass. Moreover, these additions need to be mentioned on the labels.
- By the mass of Milk, the powder might contain butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) by a maximum of 0.01.
1. Bacterial count
The bacterial count per gram must not exceed 40,000 according to IS standard 5402.
2. Coliform count
When tested, it must not be present in 0.1 grams of the product as prescribed by IS 5402.
When tested, it must be absent in 25 grams of the product as mentioned in part 3 of IS 5887.
When tested depending on the procedure, it must be absent 25 grams of the product mentioned in IS 5887.
Compositional Specification For Milk Powder
Hope you have understood the BIS standard for milk, now, let’s move to the BIS standard for products. Though, we will only be discussing the BIS standard for different types of condensed milk - sweetened condensed milk, partly skimmed, and skimmed condensed milk.
However, for more information, you can contact our experts for professional assistance.
BIS Standard For Condensed, Partly Skimmed, and Skimmed Milk
- The product must be manufactured from fresh, whole, standardized, reconstituted, or recombined milk of a cow or buffalo or a combination of both.
- It must be free from additives.
- It might include refined lactose, citric acid, authorized flavors, solid salts, and more - these additions in the product must not increase 0.3 percent by finished product mass.
- The ingredients used to manufacture the product must be clean, high-quality, and safe.
- The color of the product could have white to light brown color.
- The flavor of the product must be pleasant and clean, excluding rancid, fruity, moldy, cooked, sour, and more. Though, it might be judged on the basis of its sensory properties.
- Sugar included in condensed milk, partly skimmed, and skimmed milk must comply with IS 1679-1960 and other good quality sugar which could be used.
- It must be fortified with Vitamins A, D, and B groups. Moreover, the vitamins included must be of food grade and their fortification level must be mentioned on the labels, including if the use of condensed milk is not prescribed for infants.
- The quantity of lactose must not increase by 30 percent.
- The packaging and manufacturing of the product must be done under appropriate hygienic conditions.
- The bacteria per colony count per gram must not exceed 500 as prescribed by IS 5402 -1969.
- Coliform count during the test must not be present in the product as prescribed by IS 5401-1969.
- The yeast and mold count must not increase by 10 as per the IS 5403-1969.
- The Staphylococcus aureus must not be present in the product.
COMPOSITIONAL SPECIFICATION FOR CONDENSED MILK, PARTLY SKIMMED AND SKIMMED CONDENSED MILK
BIS Standard For Sweetened Ultra High Temperature (UHT) Treated Condensed Milk
- UHT condensed and UHT condensed skimmed milk must comply with the established requirements.
- Must be manufactured from free, whole, standardized, reconstituted, recombined, or skimmed milk obtained either from cow or buffalo milk or a combination thereof.
- Must not include any non-permitted additives.
- The mass of the finished product might include refined lactose, permitted flavors, calcium chloride, citric acid, etc must not increase by 0.3 percent.
- Ingredients used must be clean, of high quality, and safe.
- The color of the product must be whitish to light brown.
- It should have a pleasant and clean flavor and taste.
- Sugar used in either UHT milk must comply with the IS 1679-1960 or other high-quality food-grade sugar.
- The product must be fortified with Vitamin A, D, and B groups. Moreover, the included vitamins should be of food grade.
- The product must not contain lactose crystals of more than 30 percent.
- The manufacturing and packaging must be done under hygienic conditions.
- The bacteria spores per count must not exceed 10 percent as prescribed in Appendix A.
- The coliform count must not be present as per IS 5401-1969.
- Coagulase-positive Staphylococcus aureus must be absent.
COMPOSITIONAL SPECIFICATION FOR UHT CONDENSED MILK AND UHT CONDENSED SKIMMED MILK
Likewise, the BIS standard for milk and milk products includes a number of milk products. However, if you are looking for other BIS milk products standards - contact JR Compliance and comply with the required requirements and obtain BIS certification.
Our Role in Implementation of BIS Standards For Food Products
- Our expert consultants will prescribe you the appropriate methods and procedures for sampling the milk and milk products.
- We will understand the requirements - be it implementation applicable to milk or to appropriate implementation guidance.
- For the implementation of BIS standards for milk and milk products, having proper knowledge of parameters such as organoleptic and physical parameters, general parameters in regard to undesirable substances in excess amounts, toxic substances parameters, and more. Our consultants have all the necessary knowledge, thus, ensuring to provide accurate information.
- After proper analysis and understanding, we will ensure to conduct adequate applicable standards on milk and milk products.
- Our consultant will invest their time and efforts in providing appropriate procedures.
- We are abreast with all the general and microbiological requirements established by authorities to provide your clients with clearer guidelines.
- We guarantee accurate documentation, evaluation, and examination.
- For our client’s convenience, we will coordinate with the laboratory for milk and milk product testing as per applicable standards.
- We will conduct a pre-audit, to ensure your manufacturing assessment, milk, and milk products quality, and other aspects conform to the established standards.
- Our experts are capable of assisting Indian and international clients to the best of our knowledge.
- We will coordinate with the officials to meet any startled requirements that may arise.
- We will provide you with 24*7 customer service to solve any query you may have.
Appropriate understanding of the BIS standard for milk and milk products, including implementing any other BIS standard could be perplexing because the general and microbiological requirements change as per the products.
Thus, to obtain a BIS certification and to know the proper way for its implementation, you need expert assistance - that’s us. We are here to provide complete assistance to our clients in the implementation of standards and obtaining a BIS certificate.