Industry Outlook

UL 94 is a standard applicable to plastics flammability issued by Underwriters Laboratories (USA). Under this standard, plastics have been classified in accordance with how they burn in distinct orientations and part thicknesses from lowest flame retardants to most flame retardant, considering that, it has total 6 different classifications.

Since this standard is applicable plastics, which is one of the largest plastic markets valued at USD 439.28 billion in 2021, that will further grow from USD 457.73 billion in 2022 to USD 643.37 billion by 2029. 

The size of the global plastic market reflects prevalent use of plastic worldwide, which is more essential to conduct tests provided in UL 94 to ensure plastics used in automobiles and electronic appliances would not be of high quality. Therefore, it could melt, crack, or even catch fire if exposed to high temperature or high heat.

Keeping the interest of consumers in mind, relevant standards have been introduced with the purpose to ensure safety of consumers in mind, including ensuring high credibility and reliability.  Apart from that, a tested product also ensures conformance with compliance standards which provides a competitive edge to the manufacturers. Therefore, higher sales and profit. 

For a better understanding of the importance of product testing, refer to the next section.

Why is Product Testing Crucial | Importance of Product Testing

  • One of the most important purposes of testing is quality assurance of a product that reflects high quality, safety, and reliability.
  • Product testing allows the manufacturer to ensure the conformance with established technical standards to produce high quality and safe products.
  • Build reputation and maximize the profit, considering that a tested product indicates quality assurance. 
  • Helps in retaining customers, thus, providing a competitive edge.
  • Helps in understanding distinct types of stress a product can endure, be it in case of weather, wear tear, and other conditions.
  • In the initial prototyping stage, if you are trying to avail investment in order to manufacture your product in mass quantities, a tested product can allow you to achieve patent and investors as it shows the quality and functionality of the product.

With the benefits of product testing, we can clearly estimate how testing ensures quality assurance and product credibility.

Since, it has been established how essential product testing is, now let’s move to the benefits of complying with standards.

What Are the Benefits of Complying With Standards?

Complying with standard offers numerous benefits to manufacturers and importers of the product, that further helps in building trustworthiness and reliability, thus retaining the customers.

Why, don’t we look at other benefits of the same -

  • A certified product acts as a shield against penalties and fines which could be imposed for not certifying a product.
  • A certified product serves as an evidence that a product has been tested and certified as per prescribed standards.
  • A certified product provides a sense of security and safety to the consumers, thus ensuring easy acceptance.
  • It provides a competitive advantage over competitors.
  • Easy market acceptance as a product is tested and certified.
  • Confirm the unmatched quality standards.
  • Seamless to file government tenders.

With these benefits of ensuring conformance with UL 94 standards and specifications, a manufacturer can establish that a product is safe, reliable, and credible, thus, confirming to unmatched quality standards. 

Now, in the next section, we will learn about test requirements and scope of the UL 94.

Scope of UL 94

As mentioned, UL 94 is a plastic flammability standard which defines distinct types plastics in accordance with how they burn under varied orientation and part thicknesses from lowest flame retardant to most flame retardant, which typically includes 6 different classifications as follows -

Effects of Flammability

1. Colorant or additives

For the best results, you must stick to the base resin with no additives as most additives might not carry or include a UL rating. In case a specific additive is needed, probably you would have to work with the compounder which can custom create a flame retardant blend of base resin, like a color matching.

2. Part thickness

UL ratings are measured in accordance with part thicknesses, which can drastically change your part’s UL. Therefore, if you would be looking for a UL 94 V - 0 material for the part which possesses thick or thin walls as provided in below mentioned, the part might fail the test. Therefore, close attention needs to be paid to the thickness of the wall and material section.

How We Help Ensuring Conformance With UL 94 Specifications?

  • We will educate you concerning every aspect of UL 94.
  • We will check whether a product falls under the purview of the concerned standard, including whether a product complies with the standards or not, then, after mutual understanding, the project will move forward. 
  • There is no better place to obtain it than JR Compliance because we will analyze the product requirements to give clear guidelines.
  • JR Compliance has experienced expert professionals, who can assist you in the documentation, evaluation, and examination.
  • We are equipped with the necessary resources to conduct a virtual pre-audit to confirm whether your manufacturing unit and production process are complying with provided specifications or not. 
  • JR Compliance will schedule a meeting with the officer for a factory audit.
  • If you lack an in-house testing facility, we will help you in setting up one.
  • We will coordinate with an accredited laboratory for product testing.
  • We invest our sustained efforts to meet the startled queries or demands of concerned authorities.
  • In case of any concern, we assure to provide the finest solution.


UL 94, an International Standard applicable to electrical cables, which are usually used in the Mining industry and metro industries, is one of the major contributors to our economic development. Considering that, it is not only mandatory but necessary to ensure conformance with specifications mentioned in UL 94 with the purpose to introduce your product in the Indian market.

Keeping the importance of conformance with compliance in mind, we - JR Compliance, a leading compliance service provider are equipped with experts and resources to provide you with above and beyond support.

Till now, we have experience in providing compliance assistance to over 10,000+ global leaders such as Toray, Bombay Dyeing, Softbank, and others.

For details, get in touch with our experts.